Books About Japan

Japan is culturally one of the most fascinating countries but it can be very challenging to get a deeper understanding of its culture and traditions if you have no Japanese skills. During my travels to Japan before it became my permanent home, books about Japan helped me not only to enjoy my visits even more but also to partially overcome language related challenges and dive a little bit deeper into the Japanese culture. So I thought that it may be a good idea to list some of the books about Japan (or linked to Japan) that helped me to better understand Japan. (P.S: Instead of the photos of the book covers, I took the liberty to use some of the photos that I took during my travels in Japan.)

Makioka Sisters by Junichiro Tanizaki

If you will read only one book about Japan, it may well be Makioka Sisters by Junichiro Tanizaki. The book tells the story of an Osaka family and the three sisters while walking you through the generational differences in Japan and the changing role of the women in the society. It is an amazing read and everyone will easily find a character to relate to. Again, if you have time only for one book about Japan, my preference would be Makioka Sisters. I also recently read Quicksand by Tanizaki. It was a very interesting story of a very interesting love triangle – again an Osaka story. His range as an author is mind-blowing.

Some Prefer Nettles by Junichiro Tanizaki

Another great one by Tanizaki this time taking a more intimate look at marriage in Japan. The author – through one of the protagonists father  introduces us to the side of Japan, which wants to be free of Western influence. Puppet theater, beautiful kimonos. a falling marriage, approved affairs are some of the themes that you will come across in this novel. 

Things Remembered and Things Forgotten by Kyoko Nakajima

I delayed reading this book for months. I thought the theme – the grief – would make me feel sad and uneasy in a year of pandemic when were forcibly separated from loved ones. Kyoko Nakajima`s book is a collection of ten stories focusing on the theme of grief. But she has such a fresh and strangely cheering perspective on a topic that is destined to make you feel you down. It was probably one the best reads for me this year among the books by Japanese authors. 

The Little House by Kyoko Nakajima

Another excellent read from Kyoko Nakajima. She this time offers us a story of pre-war and war time Japan (set between 1930-1945) told from the perspective of a housemaid in Tokyo. I immediately started caring about nearly all the characters in the book thanks to the story telling style of the author Kyoto Nakajima. The main story is centered around familial secrets but told with a great devotion to the main subjects of those secrets. I wish more of her work was translated into English.

The Setting Sun by Osamu Dazai

I have to confess that it took me a while to get into this book but once I did, I did not want it to end. An excellent post-war Japan story by Osamu Dazai. The story focuses on a mother, sister and brother trio struggling with the changing dynamics in their country – moving from a feudal society to industrial one. The characters created by the author surprised me often at the very moment that I got to know them. It was such an interesting read. The author dives deep into the personal impact of the post-war dynamics on the characters but also allow us a window to 

Bending Adversity: Japan and the Art of Survival by David Pilling

I read this book only few months after my recent move to Tokyo. I am not sure if a first time traveler with no prior interest about Japan would enjoy it but it was one of the best books that I have read about Japan. While the author David Pilling commentary centers around the tragic 2011 tsunami in East Japan, he touches upon many other topics including economics, politics and history of Japan. The booked helped me to make a better sense of certain things I have been experiencing in Japan (not negative, just simple observations about the culture) and I recommend it to anyone who wants to go beyond the travelers perspective and dive little bit deeper into the role of Japan within Asia and the World.

Kokoro by Natsume Soseki

This famous novel by Natsume Soseki first published in 1914 is heartbreaking story of a friendship. It is a great classic exploring the feeling of guilt and I have been told that it is still taught in Japanese high schools. Another well known novella by Natsume Soseki is Botchan (坊っちゃん), which is also taught in high schools and tells the story of a maths teacher and his clash with students in Matsuyama of Shikoku where he gets his first teaching job.

Pachinko by Min Jin Lee

Pachinko is a Buddenbrooks (by Thomas Mann) type of novel by a highly praised Korean author Min Jin Lee. It tells the decades long story of a Korean family who immigrated to Japan during the pre World War II era. It focuses on the Korean identity in Japan and how living as a minority in one of the most closed cultures in the World feels like. I thoroughly enjoyed this book as it was my first exposure to Korean perspective on Japan. In terms of the specifics, there are too many characters in the book reflecting an attempt by the author to touch upon many cultural issues at once resulting in number of underdeveloped characters. It is however a vert satisfactory read, which will keep busy for a while with its 530 pages.

The Woman in the Dunes by Kobo Abe

I read this book by Kobo Abe when I was traveling in Kanazawa in December 2018. The moment I finished it, I returned to page 1 to re-read it. Sounds a bit odd? I have never done that before and I would not even describe this book among my favorites. However, with its strange story and even the stranger atmosphere, it captured me and I somehow felt like not wanting to step outside of the strange world that it created – even though it was literally a very claustrophobic environment. It is the story of an entomologist going to a small town for the weekend to look for an insect. He unfortunately misses his bus back home and …

Convenience Store Woman by Sayaka Murata

If you have already been to Asia, you probably already know that the life almost revolves around convenience stores, which are open 24/7. Japan is no exception to this and it sure takes the things a little bit further (when does not it?) – with some of the big grocery stores also being open 24/7. The convenience stores – or “kombinis” as called in Japan, carry everything that one may need to go through its day including socks and clean white button down shirts for the office workers! So I sure could not resist the urge to check out the highly praised Convenience Store Woman by Sayaka Murata. It was a good read with a story centering around a very alternative character in some ways resembling me the hero of L`Etranger by Albert Camus. The hero is a recluse woman who dedicated her life to the convenience store where she has been working for decades even though she could have gotten a much better job elsewhere. But then what is a better job? How do we find it? I can however assure you that it is not from one of those do what makes you happy books, it is much stranger than that. I found Murata to be a quite courageous writer and I wish that she pushed her hero a little bit more instead of giving us sneak peaks of how out of the line she could mentally get. I finished this book when I was traveling in Yakushima where there are no convenience stores!

An Artist of the Floating World by Kazuo Ishiguro

An amazing read by a Nobel laureate Kazuo Ishiguro (born in Japan but now a citizen of United Kingdom). The book focuses on the life of a retired painter and his relationship with his two daughters. One of the daughters is already married whereas the other one goes through the cumbersome match making procedures in post-World War II Japan. Ishiguro`s novel takes you through izayakas in Tokyo, make you listen to sake fueled dialogues between an art teacher and his students, get a glimpse of the art scene of the time right before and after the war and understand how the traditional Japanese neighborhoods have been transformed over the years. Through the regrets of the books hero, you also get a sense of how tragically a war can divide a nation. In addition to an Artist of the Floating World, “A Pale View of Hills” is another good one of Ishiguro focusing more on the characters rather than the events of the period. On the other hand, as the author also openly says that it is not among his favorite works, one of his earlier works – “When We Were Orphans” felt more like a rushed venture with a focus to have a movie made out of the book and is hardly a favorite. 

Lost Japan: Last Glimpse of Beautiful Japan by Alex Kerr

This is probably one of the best books out there about Japan written by a foreigner. Do not read this great book by Alex Kerr during or before your first trip to Japan. Let yourself get amazed with the country first, fall in love with it blindly without noticing any of its unpleasant sides. If you loved Japan the first time, it is very likely that you will keep visiting (the country is known to have an addictive effect on people). You may with your second visit to Japan (when there are less butterflies in the stomach) start noticing certain things about the country, which are not all that fascinating and only if you are already at that stage, Alex Kerr`s book (that I read during my first visit to Yakushima) will be a great supplement to confirm your doubts about the country that you once madly fell in love with. Do  not worry though, by that time, even though the butterflies may long be gone, your love for Japan will already be deep enough that you will continue to love it no matter what. Alex Kerr still lives in Japan (and also spends part of his year in Thailand) if that helps. Lost Japan is a great read to dive into the world of a man who is madly in love with Japan but is also not afraid to criticize the country and tell us how it changed over the years. If you also love Thailand and Bangkok as I do, Bangkok Found by Alex Kerr is another great read.

Another Kyoto by Alex Kerr

Another book by Alex Kerr and one of the more technical but surprisingly easy to read books about Japan heavy in architecture. While Another Kyoto may at first look and feel like a small encyclopedia including many boring details – I ensure you that it is a lot more than that. I am grateful – as a big Kyoto fan – to Alex Kerr for this book, which really add so much to sightseeing in Kyoto. His book has separate sections focusing on walls, toris, gardens and many other components of Japanese culture that you will redundantly see during any visit to Kyoto and feed you with such fine details that will really help you to better appreciate what you are seeing. Alex Kerr has a very captivating writing style, which makes you read technical details about Kyoto walls in the same exciting manner as if  you are reading a thriller.

The Old Capital by Yasunari Kawabata

An amazing alternative guide to Kyoto by Japans first Nobel prize winner Yasunari Kawabata. This is a quite short novel telling the story of a family running a kimono house in Kyoto and which takes you through almost every landmark in Kyoto (Arashiyama included!). The book has an interesting literary structure where milestone events take place so quickly (and in one short sentence!) that it makes you focus on the details rather than the events. Another great book by Yasunati Kawabata is Snow Country – telling the love story between a rich man and a geisha in a hot spring village in the mountains of Japan. Old Capital is the more ideal one if you are looking for something to also act as a non-traditional guide to the country. Finally, if you want to get a sense of the literary genius-ness of Kawabata – I would highly recommend the Dancing Girl of Izu and Other Stories.

Fear and Trembling by Amelie Nothomb

It has been so long since I read the books of the Belgian author Amelie Nothomb, long long before I visited Japan and at an age young enough when I still cared enough to keep up my French (she originally writes in French but all her books are translated into English). Nothomb was born in Japan (her father was a diplomate) where she returned for work in her early 30s. Fear and Trembling focuses on the work environment in Japan and walks you through the unpleasant work environment that women in Japan – and particularly a foreign one – can be exposed to. While I made it sound like such a dark story, she uses a very funny language and with her words, successfully caricaturize the unpleasant situations she experienced. Fear and Trembling is the best known one among her many books focusing on Japan.

Kitchen by Banana Yoshimoto

A book by Banana Yoshimoto. No – her real name is not Banana but that is what she picked as her author name. Her short novel Kitchen, while touching upon the topic of what kitchen means for a home,  focuses on the grief we suffer after losing a loved one and bring together very alternative characters. Yoshimoto is one the best known authors of contemporary Japanese writing and I need to read more books from her to understand if her writing style appeals to me or not. Kitchen is any case a quick and captivating read that I engaged in during a short stay in Tokyo. As a side note for Turkish readers, the book also reminded me a lot of “Mutfak Cikmazi” by Turkish author Tahsin Yucel, a book telling the story of a man spending all his time in the kitchen to overcome a painful break-up.

Strange Weather in Tokyo by Hiromi Kawakami

Just like Old City is to Kyoto, this great read by Hiromi Kawakami is a great alternative guide to Tokyo. The story focuses on an intense relationship turned into love between a young women and her former high school teacher. I strangely read this one during a winter trip to Lofoten Islands and immediately wanted to travel to Japan once again. The story follows the change of seasons in mainly Tokyo walking us through all things Japanese starting with warm sake and continuing with iced cold beer (well this one may not be purely Japanese but they sure love it a lot in Japan!). I also read the more recent the Nakano Thrift Shop by the same author. While it took me sometime to start enjoying the book, once you get into the quirks of the characters almost half way through the book, it becomes a very engaging read. 

The Nakano Thrift Shop by Hiromi Kawakami

It took me sometime to start enjoying this book by Hiromi Kawakami but half way through it, it became more engaging. I still prefer Strange Weather in Tokyo by the same author but this book is also a fine read giving you insights about merchants life in Tokyo with numerous different characters each with a remarkable capacity to say the strangest things at the most ordinary moments.

Walking in Circles: Finding Happiness in Lost Japan by Todd Wassel

I recently read this book by Todd Wassel during my walking trip to Shikoku. This is the account of his walk covering the entire Shikoku Pilgrimage Route. I think it is a very good travel companion as the author really manages to get you care about his walk and whether he will actually make it. It is one of the light travel accounts that you may particularly enjoy if you are planning your own long walk.

Lady and the Monk: Four Seasons in Japan by Pico Iyer

I read this one when I was traveling to Shirakawa-go in the winter of 2016. This is an autobiographical story from a quite famous travel writer Pico Iyer about his days in Kyoto and love affair with a married Japanese women. It is a very captivating read giving you insight about the expat life in Japan, taking you inside family homes in Kyoto but also and more interestingly allowing you to witness the dynamics of a romantic relationship between a westerner and a Japanese person. Some of Pico Iyers remarks about the women in Japan are thought provoking  but it is too difficult to judge as the book focuses on a very personal experience. I wonder how they did not make a movie of this book yet as his story would surely make a captivating one. 

A Wild Sheep Chase by Haruki Murakami

Murakami`s name usually comes up first if you look up books about Japan. I like Haruki Murakami even though he is not my absolute favorite (his Norwegian Wood is among my all time favorite books though). I find his writing style a little too pretentious sometimes and cannot stop thinking that a lot of stories also serve to praise himself (like Colorless Tsukuru Tazaki and His Years of Pilgrimage). Anyways, his books are however still great companions to any trip to Japan and he is one of the reasons why I first visited Hokkaido in the middle of the winter. Part of the story in his strange book Wild Sheep Chase takes place in Hokkaido and I particularly like his description of the imaginary and mystical Hokkaido hotel called Dolphin Hotel. The way Hokkaido is described by Murakami in his book passes you such a strong feeling of secludedness. The feeling was so strong that I thought I would be the only one sitting in a regional train in Hokkaido bound for north when I first visited the island in the winter of 2015. It did not quite turn out to be like that and I could barely find a seat in the train. However, once you get off the train and then get out of the town, secludedness in its most beautiful form will make sure to greet you.

I regularly update this post as I read more about Japan. In the meantime, another books related post is my post on Books About Mt. Everest.