Great Walks of New Zealand: the Greatest Three, Routeburn, Kepler and Milford

I spent the better part of March (2023) hiking in New Zealand. In addition to some day hikes, I did three of the famous Great Walks of New Zealand – namely Kepler, Routeburn, and Milford Tracks.

The experience has definitely exceeded my expectations. The Great Walks, as the name suggests, offered such an unparalleled experience and beauty that it made it difficult for me to enjoy the day hikes (offering equally beautiful scenery) that I did in between the three walks. If I ever travel to New Zealand for a third visit, I would probably devote all my time to the Great Walks, which are nine in total. I truly enjoyed the headspace that comes with the multi-day hikes and experiencing the true disconnection that you feel a little bit more strongly with each step, kilometer, and a day left behind. 

Mountain view through trees in Milford Track

In addition to my separate posts on the Milford, Kepler, and Routeburn Tracks, this is an introduction post about the Great Walks with logistics related info and my trail impressions.

All three hikes are uniquely beautiful in very different ways. The walks never felt repetitive in terms of the scenery. Kepler makes you experience the thrill of high altitude hiking whereas Routeburn offers the picture-perfect scenery. Finally, the Milford Track takes you through a landscape so majestic that you, literally, want to stop and scream (speaking from experience) looking at the hundreds of roaring waterfalls emerging from giant cliffs. 

What are the Great Walks of New Zealand?

Great Walks of New Zealand are nine multi-day hiking trails managed by the Department of Conservation. Each trail offers a different experience and mind-blowing variety of scenery. All the trails are very well maintained and marked and therefore very easy to navigate (during the walking season, which for most tracks runs from late October until the end of April and under fair weather conditions). While some of the sections involve steep climbs, I think anyone with a moderate level of fitness can manage these trails to the extent they pack lightly. The photo gallery – Kiwi Land – includes my photos from these three Great Walks. 

Three of the Great Walks, namely Lake Waikaremoana, Tongariro Northern Circuit, Whanganui Journey are located on the north island. The remaining six, including Kepler, Routeburn, Milford, Paparoa, Heapy, Rakiura, and Abel Tasman Coast tracks, are located on the south island. 

Since the tracks involve multi-day trails, hikers stay either at the huts managed by the Department of Conservation (DOC) or at the campsites (though camping is not an option for some of the Great Walks – such as in the case of Milford Track).

Some of these hikes are seasonal – meaning that the DOC support at the huts is only available during the Great Walks season (that covers among others Kepler, Milford and Routeburn tracks). During the Great Walks season, the huts are staffed (with very friendly rangers who give a hut talk every night and update the hikers about the weather and trail conditions) and cooking gas and flushing toilets are available. There are bunk beds and mattresses but hikers need to bring their own sleeping bags and pillows (if you use one, I simply used my hiking jacket).

Outside of the walking season, hikers are strongly advised to check the weather conditions before setting on their hikes – snow storms are not unusual, and none of the walking season amenities are available. You can, however, still stay in the unstaffed huts.

How to book the Great Walks?

Great Walks can be booked at the DOC Great Walks Booking Website. Bookings for each hiking season usually open in late April or early May. Since, for some of the more famous trails, there is a limitation on the number of people who can start the trail each day – 40 to 50 people in total – the huts (especially for Kepler, Routeburn, and Milford Tracks) get fully booked very quickly. I heard that for the 2023 season, Milford Track sold out in 12 minutes.

Mountain and lake view through trees in Milford Track

This should, however, not discourage you. Thanks to the cancellations (which are not very rare), I was able to book the Milford Track in late December (for a mid-March hike) and the Kepler and Routeburn Tracks in January (for early March hikes). I met people at the huts who could get a booking merely a week before they started the trail.

While the difficulty of getting a booking can be discouraging, the limitation on the number of hikers is, in addition to mesmerizing scenery, what makes these Great Walks very unique experience. I enjoyed the immense sense of solitude in some of the most otherworldly scenery that I have ever experienced in my life  – dramatically elevating the lasting impact of the experience.

The cost of Great Walks for solo hikers

While the accommodation along the trails, in terms of comfort, ensures a very down-to-earth experience with very basic – yet atmospheric huts – where each hiker brings their own sleeping bags, cooking utensils, and food, the Great Walks are not necessarily a cheap hiking experience. In addition to the hut fees (for which there is a dual fee structure in place with different fees for New Zealand residents and foreign visitors), one also needs to take into account the track transport and food expenses. The huts along Kepler and Routeburn tracks cost 102 New Zealand Dollars/night for foreign visitors (and half the price for New Zealand residents). For the Milford track, the cost of huts per night is 110 New Zealand Dollars for foreign visitors.

While I strongly think that the experience is worth the cost, all the cost items add up. There is a pricing chart at the DOC website displaying the hut cost for each one of the Great Walks. For me personally (as a solo hiker), the total cost of Routeburn Track came down to 480 New Zealand Dollars. The most expensive one was Milford Track as it is four-day track and the track transport was exceptionally expensive. The total cost of my Milford Track was around 700 New Zealand Dollars. Also keep in mind that I usually carry a minimal amount of food to keep my pack weight as light as possible, which also helps to keep my food expenses relatively low.

Great Walks track transport

Since the Great Walks of New Zealand are very popular both among New Zealand residents and foreign visitors, there is an excellent infrastructure in place that not only covers the well-maintained trails and huts but also the supporting third-party services such as track transportation (even track food packages) for those hikes where public transportation network does not cover the trailheads. The track transport companies take you from the nearest established base town (in the case of Kepler, Routeburn and Milford Tracks, it is Queenstown or Te Anau) to the trailhead and collect you again at the end of your hike.

Women hanging out by lake in one of Great Walks of New Zealand

For all three tracks, I used the services of and I was very satisfied with their professionalism (and flexibility in terms of last-minute changes). For those traveling with a car, most companies also offer car relocation between the start and end points of the trails.

Kepler Track – walking through the clouds

Kepler Track located on the south island of New Zealand was the first Great Walk that I did. Looking back now, it is the track that made me feel most excited in terms of the scenery. The second day of the track follows a ridge exposed on both sides. During the better part of the trail, you are surrounded by mountain ranges and lakes. It felt like walking through the clouds.

Kepler Track is a loop hike. You start and end the hike at the same point where there is a car park. As a result, it is, among all three, the easiest one in terms of the logistics. The trailhead is also close to Te Anau town (some hikers start the trail in Te Anau). The whole track is 60 kilometers long and commonly walked in 3-4 days.

Luxmore Hut where most hikers spend their first night (if started from Broad Bay) is famous for its iconic views of Lake Te Anau and the surrounding mountains. You will likely come across many hikers who either do a day track to Luxmore Hut (or to Luxmore Mountain requiring another hour) or spend a night at Luxmore and get back to the trailhead without walking the three-day trail.

While I enjoyed my time at Luxmore Hut – relaxing, mingling with the other hikers, and observing the beautiful kea birds – Luxmore t felt more like a hotel compared to the other huts along Kepler Track. Iris Burn Hut with beautiful valley views and Moturau Hut located right by a lake both felt more atmospheric and in tune with the surrounding nature. Fore more, you can read my Kepler Track post.

Routeburn Track – picture perfect scenery

I met many people who have done the majority of the Great Walks during my trip and most said that the Routeburn Track was their favorite Great Walk. Among the three of the most famous tracks, Kepler, Routeburn, and Milford, Routeburn offers the most picture-perfect scenery with endless greenery, high-altitude lakes, and impossibly picturesque huts that would be a perfect setting for Tom Sawyer’s adventures. 

Hiker looking out from a cliff in one of Great Walks of New Zealand

While some people do the hike in a day (not trail runners, they do it in half a day), Routeburn Track is more commonly completed in three days with a two-nights stay at either Routeburn Flats or Fall Hut and Lake McKenzie Hut. All the huts along the route, Routeburn Flats Hut, Routeburn Falls Hut, and Lake McKenzie are uniquely beautiful. The first one sits on the floor of an endless looking valley whereas the second one overlooks that same picturesque valley. Lake McKenzie hut is located right next to a lake and feels like a summer cottage. Fore more, you can read my Routeburn Track post.

Milford Track – epic hike and a moving experience

Any experience, which is as hyped as Milford Track leads to this inevitable question – is it overrated? No, in my experience, Milford Track is not overrated – not even close to it.

Milford Track was my third and last Great Walk in New Zealand. After hiking Kepler and Routeburn trails back-to-back, I was under the wrong impression that I had seen it all and no other trail could match their scenic beauty. On top of that, the weather forecast for my pre-booked Milford hike was very discouraging – (heavy rain to the point that they did not know until the morning if we could proceed with the hike). Yet, Milford Track still blew my mind. It is an epic hike. The majesticity of the track is incomparable to anything else that have experienced. Among all three, Milford is the trail where you will feel like hiking through otherworldly terrain.

Light shining on mountains in Milford Track

Milford Track is also the most controlled one among all the Great Walks. In addition to the limit of 40 hikers a day, each hiker needs to follow the same route and the trail cannot be hiked in reversed order (this can be done in Kepler and Routeburn Tracks). Fore more, you can read my Milford Track post.

Which is the best Great Walk?

There is really no one right answer to this. Kepler is the walk where one gets to experience alpine style hiking by walking on exposed ridge for better part of the hike. Routeburn is the trail with picture-perfect and more approachable scenery. As for Milford, the scenery can at times feel intimidating – giant cliffs and roaring waterfalls – but that is what makes it very special, the majesticity of it.

If I ever get a chance, I would any day, come rain or shine, very happily re-walk any one of these three Great Walks.